Standards of Learning test scores fell dramatically this spring from the last time they were administered in Northern Virginia schools, confirming the fears of many about the impacts of a pandemic-plagued school year on student learning and the limits of virtual instruction. 

Statewide, passing rates on the SOL tests fell by double-digit percentages from the last time they were administered, in 2019, according to data released Thursday by the Virginia Department of Education.  Passing rates among all students for English tests fell 11.5%, for science tests, 27.2%, and for math tests, 34.1%.

The story was similar across Northern Virginia, as rates were down for all tests in all localities.  In Prince William County, the state’s second-largest school district, the passing rates were down as follows:

  • 8.9% in English, to 72% passing
  • 29.6% in science, to 57% passing
  • 34.9% in math, to 54% passing

The city of Manassas saw even larger drops, with passing rates down 26.6% in English, 45.6% in science and 62% in math. Only 27% of Manassas students passed their math SOL, compared with 71% two years prior.

There were some key logistical differences between the tests in 2019 and 2021 outside of the pandemic. For one, the test sample size was smaller than in previous years, because many students were given the option to take them in person or at home, but only in-person tests were counted in the state’s data. In a news release, the state said in a typical school year, participation in the tests is usually around 99%. In tested grades in 2021, 75.5% of students took the reading assessment, 78.7% took math, and 80% took science.

Additionally, in previous years, students within a certain range of scores were able to retake parts of the test. This year, that wasn’t allowed.

Still, the scores are the first somewhat proximate comparison point for standardized learning assessment since the pandemic’s start. In the spring of 2020, as COVID-19 was first causing school closures, the state cancelled the tests for the first time since their current iteration was implemented in 1998. The U.S. Department of Education waived its standardized testing. 

For some, the results underscore the difficulty in virtual instruction, a return to which schools are trying to avoid this fall through mitigation strategies such as masking and vaccination. They can also be used to help educators focus on areas where students fell behind most last year.

Before the results were released, Prince William County Schools Superintendent LaTanya McDade said the division would use them to see “where the gaps are.”

“In-person learning is the optimal learning model. … I think the data is going to show us … where we need to focus our time and energy in terms of content, concepts and standards,” she told InsideNoVa, adding that the division wouldn’t be doing comparative studies with the data from 2019. “We do understand that it was a totally different situation and educational environment for students. But I do think the data will be very telling when we think about unfinished learning – what is unfinished?”

McDade’s sentiment was echoed by some in Manassas. At the Manassas School Board meeting Tuesday night, Craig Gfeller, the system’s new director of student achievement, said the test scores would not be used to evaluate teacher performance. Instead they will be used to create plans for students and get a broader sense of where the most acute learning loss was among students. 

Board Chair Sanford Williams said that was the only way to use them, but comparing the scores to 2019’s would be useless. “It’s kind of like someone playing golf and you put a blindfold on them and only give them one club and have them play the whole course.”

Board member Tim Demeria has long been a critic of the current testing regiment, but says this year they’re even less significant given the turmoil of the past school year. Manassas was one of the last divisions in the area to bring students back into classrooms.

“Irrelevant,” Demeria called the test scores, saying it was incredibly urgent that students remain in the classroom this year, but that the urgency wasn’t created by falling test scores. 

“Our kids weren’t in the building,” he added. “The important assessment of our children for me is how our teachers assess our children. That’s what they’re there for, that’s what they go to school for. And they knw how our children are progressing more than a stupid test does.”

Complete results by school division, individual school, grade level and test are available on the Virginia Department of Education’s web site. 

Northern Virginia SOL test results

Source: Virginia Department of Education.  

Locality Subject 2018-2019 Pass Rate 2020-2021 Pass Rate Pct. Change
Alexandria City English: Reading 68 57 -16.2%
Alexandria City Mathematics 70 40 -42.9%
Alexandria City Science 67 44 -34.3%
Arlington County English: Reading 83 77 -7.2%
Arlington County Mathematics 87 65 -25.3%
Arlington County Science 86 68 -20.9%
Fairfax County English: Reading 81 73 -9.9%
Fairfax County Mathematics 86 61 -29.1%
Fairfax County Science 84 65 -22.6%
Falls Church City English: Reading 91 90 -1.1%
Falls Church City Mathematics 91 84 -7.7%
Falls Church City Science 91 83 -8.8%
Loudoun County English: Reading 84 79 -6.0%
Loudoun County Mathematics 87 64 -26.4%
Loudoun County Science 88 72 -18.2%
Manassas City English: Reading 64 47 -26.6%
Manassas City Mathematics 71 27 -62.0%
Manassas City Science 68 37 -45.6%
Manassas Park City English: Reading 67 59 -11.9%
Manassas Park City Mathematics 77 38 -50.6%
Manassas Park City Science 74 42 -43.2%
Prince William County English: Reading 79 72 -8.9%
Prince William County Mathematics 83 54 -34.9%
Prince William County Science 81 57 -29.6%
Stafford County English: Reading 79 68 -13.9%
Stafford County Mathematics 84 50 -40.5%
Stafford County Science 82 58 -29.3%
State English: Reading 78 69 -11.5%
State Mathematics 82 54 -34.1%
State Science 81 59 -27.2%

Jared Foretek covers the Manassas area and regional news across Northern Virginia. Reach him at


Jared Foretek covers Prince William County Public Schools, the city of Manassas and transportation news across Northern Virginia. Reach him at

(4) comments

Duke Nukem

Well if you believe the liberals out there, it sounds like we'll be getting more Republican voters! Better get those scores up before they get a chance to vote.

George Lawton

LOL…the best thing a parent can do is remove their child from the cesspool of public ‘education’

Tom Manson

Tim Demeria - these tests and test results are not irrelevant. The State requires the schools to teach to the test, which is unfortunate. The relevancy here is that the virtual education imposed in emergency circumstances should not be repeated, particularly for kids with shorter attention spans, lack of support at home, etc.

To call them irrelevant demonstrates dangerous incompetence.

Fang Fang

"The relevancy here is that the virtual education imposed in emergency circumstances should not be repeated, particularly for kids with shorter attention spans, lack of support at home, etc."

"To call them irrelevant demonstrates dangerous incompetence."

Well said, you covered multiple variables.

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